The Reserve Bank of New Zeeland’s (RBZN) Monetary Policy Committee announced today that the Official Cash Rate will be reduced to 1.0 percent. This decision was made because the committee believes it is a necessity for future employment and inflation objectives to be met.
Zooming in on these two factors, the official report from the RBZN states that employment is around its maximum sustainable level at the moment, while inflation remains within the bank’s target range, but below the two percent mid-point.
In a meeting today, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) Board decided to leave the cash rate stable at 1.00 percent.
In a statement announcing the fact, Philip Lowe, the Governor of RBA stated that “the increased uncertainty generated by the trade and technology disputes is affecting investment and means that the risks to the global economy remain tilted to the downside.”
Referring more specifically to Australia, the Governor said that growth has been lower than expected in the first half of the year, but it is expected to pick-up in the second half.
The big news at the end of last week was that U.S President Donald Trump announced that he would impose a ten percent tariff on a further $300 billion in Chinese imports. China has now hit back by allowing the Yuan to fall to the weakest level in more than a decade this morning and asking state-owned companies to suspend imports of U.S agricultural products, according to Bloomberg.
In an interview this morning, journalist for Bloomberg Anna Kitanaka said “this is a significant move in terms of how symbolic this is because China has already been decreasing its purchases of U.
U.S President Donald Trump surprised the world economy as a whole yesterday as he announced that he would impose a ten percent tariff on a further $300 billion in Chinese imports. This could only be the beginning as the new import taxes could go “well beyond 25 percent” Trump said.
The trade war was thought to be winding down a little lately as talks had started up again after President Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping had spoken in Osaka a few weeks ago. Then the two leaders agreed they would leave tariffs as they were for as long as they were talking.
Yesterday Federal Reserve (Fed) Chairman Jerome Powell announced that the central bank will lower interest rates for the first time since the 2008 recession. This measure will be put in place to prevent the possibility of an economic slump, according to Powell but it is not the start of a lengthy easing cycle.
“We’re thinking of it as essentially in the nature of a mid-cycle adjustment to policy,” Powell said at a press conference following the announcement of the quarter-percentage-point reduction. “It’s not the beginning of a long series of rate cuts,” he said.
This morning the Australian Bureau of Statistics released the Consumer Price Index for the second quarter, showing that the Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose 0.6 percent, following no movement for the March quarter. The yearly CPI shows that over the twelve-month period to the June quarter 2019, it is up by 1.6 percent.
According to the report, the most significant price rises for the second quarter of 2019 were automotive fuel, which was up by 10.2 percent, medical and hospital services, that saw an increase of 2.6 percent and international holiday, travel and accommodation, up by 2.7 percent.
During his first week as the new UK Prime Minister, Boris Johnson has managed to heighten Brexit fears to new levels. These fears of a no-deal Brexit, as Johnson plans to pressure the European Union into negotiating a better Brexit deal when the leaders have already said that this is not an option, have had a profound effect on the Pound.
According to BBC News, yesterday the Pound sank to a 28-month low against the Dollar. More specifically, the Sterling dipped 1.1 percent to $1.2242 and €1.1004 respectively. The last low for the currency was in January 2017 when it was at $1.
This could be the biggest week of 2019 so far for the world economy as all eyes will be on the Federal Reserve’s (Fed) decision about interest rates on Wednesday, among other activities around the world which are bound to set the financial mood for the near future.
Wednesday’s decision has been much talked about recently because if the Fed decides to cut interest rates, it will be the first time this has happened in more than a decade. Some analysts, according to The National, expect the Fed to cut their benchmark by half a percentage point.
The President of the European Central Bank (ECB), Mario Draghi, hinted that the ECB may provide market stimulus in September at a press conference yesterday about the meeting of the Governing Council of the ECB. This stimulus may come in the form of new easing measures, due to concerns over the eurozone economy.
The decisions made in the meeting, according to Draghi are that “the interest rate on the main refinancing operations and the interest rates on the marginal lending facility and the deposit facility will remain unchanged at 0.00 percent, 0.25 percent and -0.40 percent respectively.
Britain’s new prime
minister, Boris Johnson had made it clear that Britain will leave the EU in
October, without a backstop and perhaps with a new deal in his pre-election
statements. Now that he is leading the country European chiefs have waisted no
time in asking for a detailed Brexit plan.